Food options that help manage diabetes

Diabetes is one of the most common and chronic conditions diagnosed in the country. Individuals may either have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, with the latter being more prevalent. The condition mainly affects the body’s ability to convert food into energy. Thus, it is vital to monitor one’s food intake and make healthy changes to manage blood sugar levels. The following options can help avoid insulin spikes, resulting in a healthier lifestyle.

Fresh greens and vegetables
Greens like broccoli and Brussel sprouts contain isothiocyanate compounds that help promote better insulin sensitivity. Okra contains certain compounds and enzymes like polysaccharides and flavonoid antioxidants that help bring down blood sugar. Kale is another superfood that is rich in fibers and flavonoids antioxidants that promote antidiabetic properties. Sweet potatoes and yams are also an excellent substitute for starchy veggies like potatoes to manage insulin production well.

Fresh fruits
Apples are rich in soluble fibers and quercetin, one of the main compounds that helps regulate blood sugar. Eating an apple a day helps reduce the risk of diabetes from a young age. Also, citrus-rich fruits like oranges and grapefruit have a very low glycemic index, meaning eating these will not trigger a spike in blood sugar levels. Raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, blackberries are loaded with essential vitamins, nutrients, minerals and are rich in antioxidants—all beneficial for managing diabetes with moderate consumption.

Beans, lentils, and avocado
Most legumes, beans, and lentils are rich in soluble fibers that help slow down digestion. The body processes food for energy more efficiently with fibrous options and avoids increasing the blood sugar levels in the process. Avocados contain healthy fibers, fats, and a ton of minerals that protect the metabolism and reduce the risk of chronic diseases linked to diabetes.

Assorted nuts and seeds
Nuts like almonds, walnuts, pecans, tree nuts, and peanuts are also popular options among foods that have a low glycemic index and boast high fiber content. A quarter cup of these nuts consumed regularly can reduce the risk of diabetes to a significant extent. Similarly, sunflower seeds and chia seeds are recommended as they are rich in plant-based proteins, fibers, antioxidants, and omega-3 fatty acids.

Potentially reversing diabetes
Doctors may suggest patients with high diabetes levels to make changes in the food patterns and prescribe one or two antibiotics for faster recovery.

FARXIGA® (dapagliflozin)
This helps in improving blood sugar levels by helping the kidneys get rid of glucose from the bloodstream in people with type 2 diabetes. Farxiga is commonly taken with an exercise program. If you have a valid prescription of Farxiga for diabetes, you can find discount coupons on websites like and The manufacturer of Farxiga has rolled out a SavingsRx Card for commercially insured patients, which offers savings of a maximum of $400 per month.

Exenatide is a type of agonist used for managing Type 2 diabetes. It can help improve glycemic control in adults with Type 2 diabetes. It is available in the form of an injector pen. Exenatide mechanism of action involves activating receptors that regulate insulin secretion. This form of treatment is only available through a doctor’s prescription. One should consult with their doctor before they can stop using Exenatide.

GLP-1 agonists
Glucagon-like peptide-1 or GLP-1 receptor agonists are types of medicines used to treat type-2 diabetes and obesity. These medicines mimic a hormone called GLP-1, which causes the pancreas to produce more insulin after ingesting food and helps keep blood sugar levels normal. These medicines typically come in liquid form and are taken intravenously once or twice a day or once a week. 

Dexcom G6
Dexcom G6 is the latest continuous glucose monitor (CGM) to measure glucose levels in diabetes patients. The one thing that sets this device apart from the rest is that it does not require regular fingerstick glucose tests. This is the first CGM to offer direct smartphone connectivity without requiring a separate receiver. The Dexcom G6 features a 10-day sensor, which is water resistant and easy to insert. A 3-pack box of G6 transmitters is priced around $400.

Kerendia® is an FDA-approved treatment option for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) caused by type 2 diabetes. It helps reduce the risk of heart attacks, heart failures, deterioration of kidney function, and more. Kerendia® belongs to the non-steroidal MRA class of treatment compounds and is available as an oral treatment option. Side effects of Kerendia® include low blood pressure, allergic reactions, low sodium levels, and high potassium levels.

The brand GlucoTrust is a popular pick amongst people with diabetes, thanks to its natural formula. Taking the supplement once before bed can help the patient sleep well while revitalizing their energy levels. People who take GlucoTrust will also find a reduced craving for junk food, subsequently helping them lose weight. The brand is also known for promoting healthy blood circulation in the body.

Toujeo is used for treating patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes. This FDA-approved option is available as a pre-filled pen containing insulin glargine in saline solution. Subcutaneous Toujeo injections are sold under two names: SoloStar and SoloStar Max, containing 450 and 900 units of insulin glargine, respectively. Some side effects of using Toujeo include hypoglycemia, respiratory infections, weight gain, fluid retention, and swelling in the arms and legs.